Joint Statement: 20 Civil Society Organisations Support Historic Genocide Amendment to UK Trade Bill

Feb 8, 2021 | Uncategorized

Yazidi Victims of Genocide being reburied after exhumation from a mass grave

Joint Statement: Civil Society Supports Historic Genocide Amendment to UK Trade Bill

                          8 February 2021

Genocides and other mass atrocity crimes have claimed the lives of over 80 million victims globally since 1945. Today the very existence of the Rohingya in Myanmar and the Uyghur in China is threatened by ongoing violations including torture, rape and sexual violence, forced starvation, and the deprivation of liberty and dignity. We see the proposed Genocide Amendment to the Trade Bill (the Genocide Amendment) as a historic opportunity for the United Kingdom to demonstrate global leadership by considering trade and other consequences with governments and regimes that seek systemically to destroy whole communities from their populations.

The UK has in the past five years played a key international role in protecting civilians from egregious human rights violations, including the spearheading of a global campaign to bring Da’esh/ISIS to justice for its genocidal crimes against the Yazidis in northern Iraq. Support for this amendment represents the continuation of such commitments to universal human rights, in accordance with the UK’s critical standing as a permanent member of the UN Security Council. 

The UK has a long-standing policy that genocide be legally determined in a court of law, an independent and impartial mechanism which safeguards against politicisation and vexatious claims. The Genocide Amendment addresses any concerns that the courts should not have power to revoke trade deals agreed by a sovereign parliament. The amendment has been revised to clarify that, following preliminary determination of genocide by the High Court, the matter would go back to the Parliament and Government ultimately decides on all consequences. An impartial High Court ruling on genocide shields the Government and Parliament from the potential damage to foreign relations that may occur from a determination of this nature.  

The Genocide Amendment allows UK domestic courts to fill a gap in the international justice system, since international courts cannot guarantee consequential action in time to prevent further atrocities as mandated by the UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (the Genocide Convention). For non-governmental organisations, a court ruling on the existence of genocide would, in itself, enhance human rights advocacy and strike a meaningful blow against the perpetrators. Moreover, the establishment and effective implementation of a national atrocity prevention strategy would ensure that the UK complies with its own obligations under the Genocide Convention.

As the Government charts a new course in international relations, parliamentarians have an opportunity to ensure that future trade agreements reflect the UK’s moral commitments and values. 

Signatories: 

  1. International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute
  2. Accountability Unit
  3. Aegis Trust
  4. Anti-Slavery International
  5. Bar Human Rights Committee of England and Wales
  6. Burma Campaign UK
  7. Coalition for Genocide Response
  8. Crown Christian Heritage Trust
  9. CSW
  10. Genocide80Twenty
  11. International Coalition to End Transplant Abuse in China
  12. Minority Rights Group International
  13. René Cassin
  14. STAND UK
  15. Widows for Peace through Democracy
  16. Women for Justice
  17. World Uyghur Congress
  18. Yazda-UK
  19. Yezidi Emergency Support
  20. Yet Again
Lord David Alton

For 18 years David Alton was a Member of the House of Commons and today he is an Independent Crossbench Life Peer in the UK House of Lords.

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For the Uyghurs, Genocide is a word which dares not speak its name. For the sake of women like Rahima Mahmut, Gulzira Auelkhan, Sayragul Sauytbay, and Ruqiye Perhat – whose heart-breaking, shocking, stories are recorded here – it’s time that the crime of genocide was given definition in the UK. On January 19th Parliament can use its voice and speak that name – insisting on justice for victims of Genocide and refusing to make tawdry trade deals with those responsible for the crime above all crimes.

For the Uyghurs, Genocide is a word which dares not speak its name. For the sake of women like Rahima Mahmut, Gulzira Auelkhan, Sayragul Sauytbay, and Ruqiye Perhat – whose heart-breaking, shocking, stories are recorded here – it’s time that the crime of genocide was given definition in the UK. On January 19th Parliament can use its voice and speak that name – insisting on justice for victims of Genocide and refusing to make tawdry trade deals with those responsible for the crime above all crimes.

For the Uyghurs Genocide is a word which dares...

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